The governing authority approved and issued your building permit, and you can actually begin the first physical phase of construction on your new home…the footer. A licensed surveyor sets the corners of the home for the footer excavation. The surveyor uses the site plan prepared prior to the issuance of permits to accurately position the home on the lot. The excavation of trenches for the footing to the proper depth and width occurs at this point, as well as the installation of steel rebar. A codes inspection occurs and upon approval, concrete is poured to the proper depth. Employing the services of a soils engineer may be required in some areas, but we highly recommend having soils checked by an engineer always. The footer and foundation insure the stability of your new home. Width and depth of a footer depends on the type of structure.
The next step requires the return of the surveyor to pin the corners of the house on the footer for the accurate placement of the foundation walls. You may use concrete block for a crawlspace foundation, or poured concrete walls for a basement foundation. An engineer will design the concrete walls for strength and stability, and a company that specializes in the erection of poured concrete walls follows the engineer’s design. Designate the placement of openings for services to enter the home at this time.
Following the erection of the foundation walls, installation of the sill plate occurs and a codes inspector performs a foundation inspection to insure that all work adheres to codes regulations. Following the passing of the foundation inspection, framing lumber and the framer begin building your new home.
The framing stage is very exciting because you will actually begin to see your new home evolving, and we will offer insights into framing next.
If you have any specific questions regarding the footer and foundation phase, please contact me.